What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the optic nerve nerves and can result in vision loss and blindness. However, with early detection and treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.
Glaucoma is the main cause of blindness
Glaucoma can cause blindness if left untreated. And unfortunately about 10% of people with glaucoma who receive proper care still experience vision loss.
Not everyone with increased eye pressure will develop glaucoma. Some people can tolerate a higher level of eye pressure better than others. Also, a certain level of eye pressure may be high for one person but normal for another.
There are 4 types of glaucoma, namely:
Open chronic glaucoma – This is the most common form of glaucoma. Pressure in the eye increases when the tube that regulates fluid comes out naturally from the eye becomes slightly blocked. Sometimes there are no initial symptoms, and some people are diagnosed on a routine eye examination. A possible sign is gradual loss of vision.
Closed (acute) glaucoma– It often happens so fast, with a sudden blockage leading to the flow of fluid from the eye. Can be accompanied by some pain, changing vision (especially when light comes from the front) and blurry around the light. Other signs include red eyes, headaches, nausea and vomiting
Secondary glaucoma– Occurring in eye pressure, can also occur due to an eye accident, surgery or treatment.
Developing glaucoma (congenital congenital glaucoma)– This is usually present at birth or after birth. The child cannot open his eyes in a bright place, and his eyes look blurry and runny. This is rare, but can be serious, and this is caused by eye abnormalities.
Glaucoma cannot be cured, but can be overcome by intensive care, if treatment is left behind it can cause permanent damage to vision. Open glaucoma can use eye drops, oral medication, surgery (including lasik surgery) and plant an airway. For closed glaucoma, emergency treatment is needed which must be treated quickly to prevent permanent blindness. Eye specialists will help patients to deal with other types of glaucoma.
As for knowing more about glaucoma, it’s a good idea to do eye care on a regular basis, by asking directly to a remote eye doctor will help you maintain and care for your eye health. SMEC eye hospital is now here to help you deal with your eye health. You can find SMEC hospitals in Medan and several other major cities such as Balikpapan, Pekanbaru, Kabanjahe, Samarinda, Jakarta, Manado, Malang and Semarang.Leave a reply →